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Raspberry Pi 5 vs Raspberry Pi 4

  • Raspberry Pi 5-1

    Raspberry Pi 5

    A real mini-PC

    The Raspberry Pi 5 is a robust single-board laptop (SBC) that launched in the direction of the tip of 2023. It is nice for DIY tech initiatives and even as a low-power desktop PC.


    • 2-3x extra highly effective, snappy expertise
    • Exterior PCIe port

    • Overkill for DIY initiatives
    • No 3.5mm audio port

  • Raspberry Pi 4 Model B

    Raspberry Pi 4 Mannequin B

    Tried and true

    The Raspberry Pi 4 s a single-board laptop (SBC) that launched in 2019. It presents some cheaper fashions which can be nice for for DIY tech initiatives.


    • Cheaper choices accessible
    • 3.5mm audio jack

    • Much less highly effective
    • No exterior PCIe connection

Now that the Raspberry Pi 5 has launched, there are many single-board computer systems (SBCs) tugging at our purse strings. The Raspberry Pi 4 is not out of the operating regardless of there being a more moderen mannequin available on the market, although, not least as a result of there are cheaper variations of the Pi 4 with much less reminiscence than the Pi 5.

I’ve put my very own Pi 5 and 4 computer systems to the check, evaluating their efficiency and capabilities in numerous conditions.

In actual fact, there are execs and cons to each the Raspberry Pi 5 and Raspberry Pi 4, relying on how you intend to make use of your mini laptop. To determine which is greatest for various functions, I’ve put my very own Pi 5 and 4 computer systems to the check, evaluating their efficiency and capabilities in numerous conditions. Learn on to see what I discovered and determine whether or not the newer mannequin is value the associated fee.

Raspberry Pi 5 vs 4

Worth and availability

Maybe surprisingly, the Pi 5 is not way more costly than the Pi 4, offered we’re evaluating variations with the identical quantity of reminiscence. It is simply $5 extra for the Pi 5 in 4GB or 8GB configuration in comparison with the 4GB or 8GB Pi 4.

Raspbery Pi 4

Raspberry Pi 5











Sadly, there’s at present no 1GB or 2GB model of the Pi 5, so $60 is about as low cost as yow will discover the latest Raspberry Pi for now.

Design and ports on mini computer systems

The Pi 5 and 4 look extremely related from a distance. There’s that acquainted pocket-sized circuit board, a chunky caterpillar row of GPIO pins, and a slew of peripheral ports. However there’s greater than would possibly initially meet the attention with the Pi 5.

Main modifications that the Raspberry Pi has undergone with this new iteration:

  • The 2 mini MIPI connectors have been shrunk and moved, and each can be utilized for show or digital camera
  • There’s now a versatile flat cable (FCC) port for PCIe connections on the prime of the board
  • There is a built-in real-time clock (RTC)
  • There is a four-pin fan header for lively cooling with PWM functionality
  • There is a separate UART connector for UART debugging, so you do not have to attach by way of GPIO
  • There is a (teeny tiny) bodily energy button to show the Pi 5 on and off
  • There’s no 3.5mm audio port
  • There is a devoted enter/output (I/O) controller chip
  • Some ports have been moved round (Ethernet and USB swapped locations)

A lot of that is out with the previous, in with the brand new. Shrinking ports actually helps – the flexibility to shrink MIPI connectors to make room for an FCC connector offers us the choice for exterior PCIe entry, which must be thrilling for these of you desirous to hook up an SSD.


Best Raspberry Pi case: Protect your tiny supercomputer

The right circumstances to maintain your Raspberry Pi protected.

It is the little issues, in small packages

Throughout my time testing each units, I discovered the smaller design modifications to have essentially the most shocking impression. When switching from the Pi 4 to the Pi 5, I actually began to overlook the previous’s 3.5mm audio port. My check monitor would not have built-in audio system, and whereas 3.5mm is a dying commonplace, I am one of many unfortunate few who nonetheless depends on it.

Raspberry Pi 5 close-up of power button and power LED indicator

However, the Pi 5’s bodily energy button was an unbelievable boon to my expertise, and I ended up resenting the Pi 4 to a maybe unreasonable extent due to it. Positive, it would not break my again to unplug the Pi 4 and plug it in once more to show it on, however with the Pi 5 mendacity proper subsequent to it, taunting me with its tiny energy button, the Pi 4 began to look considerably diminished as compared. To not point out, each time you unplug the Pi 4 to energy it off, you run the prospect of corrupting knowledge if you happen to do not take the time to correctly shut it down first.

However I have been spoiled in that regard. An influence button is an pointless consolation for an SBC, and I am unable to assist however really feel a bit of foolish for valuing it so extremely.

Specification showdown

  • Raspberry Pi 5 Raspberry Pi 4 Mannequin B
    Model Raspberry Pi Raspberry Pi
    Storage Flash storage or PCIe with adapter Flash storage
    CPU Broadcom BCM2712, quad-core (4x Arm Cortex-A76), 2.4GHz Broadcom BCM2711, quad-core (4x Arm Cortex-A72), 1.8GHz
    Reminiscence 4GB or 8GB 1GB, 2GB, 4GB, or 8GB
    Working System Raspberry Pi OS (Linux) Raspberry Pi OS (Linux)
    Ports 40-pin GPIO, PCIe FFC, UART, USB-C, RTC battery, 2x micro-HDMI, fan connector, 2x USB 2.0, 2x USB 3.0, Ethernet, PoE HAT connector, 2x MIPI DSI/CSI 40-pin GPIO, USB-C, 2x micro-HDMI, 2x USB 2.0, 2x USB 3.0, Ethernet, PoE HAT connector, 4-Pole Stereo Audio, MIPI DSI Show Port, MIPI CSI Digicam Port
    Show As much as 4K As much as 4K

The Raspberry Pi 5 is extra highly effective than the Raspberry Pi 4 in each regard. It has a greater CPU, higher GPU, and sooner RAM.

The Raspberry Pi 5 permits for 2x 4K screens operating at 60Hz, whereas the Raspberry Pi 4 solely helps a 1x 4K monitor at 60Hz and 1x 4K monitor at 30Hz.

Additionally necessary, nonetheless, is the fully new chip included on the Raspberry Pi 5: the RP1. This I/O controller (basically a southbridge) permits for speedier enter and output throughout every kind of interfaces. For instance, it ought to permit the USB 3.0 ports to switch knowledge faster, and even MicroSD card knowledge entry must be faster with the Pi 5.

Learn our assessment

My Raspberry Pi 5 is a delight, and I’m excited about all its future uses

The Raspberry Pi 5 has loads of upgrades, however do you want all that additional horsepower? I put it to the check.

What about efficiency?

Raspberry Pi claims that “Raspberry Pi 5 delivers a 2-3× improve in CPU efficiency relative to Raspberry Pi 4.” This can be a daring declare, however it’s one which I discovered holds true in my testing. The Pi 5’s CPU and GPU upgrades (600MHz and 300MHz will increase, respectively, not together with architectural enhancements) led to a efficiency enchancment that I wasn’t fairly anticipating.

Admittedly, I used to be evaluating a 2GB Pi 4 to an 8GB Pi 5, however I paid consideration to my RAM utilization (utilizing the Linux command “free -m”) and ensured this wasn’t bottle necking issues too closely.

What I discovered was that the Pi 5 is, the truth is, nearly 3x sooner than the Pi 4. GeekBench and BrowserBench outcomes confirmed this, though with out its lively cooler connected, the Pi 5 was solely a bit of over 2x sooner than the Pi 4.

That is actually one thing to notice: the Raspberry Pi 5 does require a cooling fan if you wish to take advantage of out of its improved {hardware}. (You’ll be able to learn extra about that in my full Raspberry Pi 5 review.)

Actual-world desktop efficiency

Raspberry Pi’s claims have been confirmed by my testing, however benchmarks do not actually inform us a lot, do they? What did inform me one thing, although, was my expertise utilizing these two computer systems as each day drivers for some time — a minimum of for some easy duties.

It is throughout this day-to-day utilization that I got here to understand each the Raspberry Pi 4 and Raspberry Pi 5 in numerous methods.

At the beginning, there is no denying that the Pi 5 is quicker. In my assessment of it, I claimed that the Pi 5 was the primary Pi to hit a house run for desktop PC use circumstances, and I stand by that. My commonplace check is to open three or 4 widespread apps: VSCode, Firefox, Textual content Editor, File Supervisor, and the Terminal. Then, I load up three or 4 commonplace browser tabs (social media, blogs, Google Docs) and one low-res YouTube video.

Throughout this check, the Pi 4 actually (and I imply actually) struggled. In actual fact, simply opening Firefox took about twice as lengthy on the Pi 4 than the Pi 5, and the Pi 4 even struggled with out the video. The Pi 5, nonetheless, dealt with such multitasking with ease. (This wasn’t a RAM capability concern, both. I saved issues beneath 2GB utilization with a bit of additional leeway.)

Such was my appreciation for the Pi 5.

However I actually got here to understand the Pi 4 in its personal means, too. Contemplating its cheaper price and older {hardware}, I am impressed that it manages to deal with lighter workloads (i.e., involving much less multitasking) on the brand new Raspberry Pi OS with such grace. Menus are snappy, apps load comparatively shortly, and on a regular basis duties could be undertaken with out a single hitch.


5 ways to use the new Raspberry Pi 5: Fun beginner projects

The Raspberry Pi 5 is right here, and it is snappier than ever. Listed here are some thrilling, beginner-friendly initiatives to do with it.

What can you utilize the Pi 4 and Pi 5 for, respectively?

The Raspberry Pi 5’s upgraded {hardware} makes it an excellent alternative for any initiatives that require quite a lot of CPU or GPU horsepower.

For day-to-day desktop use, I discovered the Raspberry Pi 5 to serve simply in addition to my way more highly effective desktop PC or laptop computer.

The obvious of such makes use of is as a desktop PC, and it is right here the place the Raspberry Pi 5 actually shines. For day-to-day desktop use, I discovered the Raspberry Pi 5 to serve simply in addition to my way more highly effective desktop PC or laptop computer. Throw in the potential for connecting an NVMe SSD by way of a third-party HAT to run its OS, and the Pi 5 is a no brainer for house desktop use.

The Pi 5 can also be a a lot better choice for I/O-heavy use circumstances. A critical NAS or backup storage answer, for instance, would profit from the Pi 5’s improved I/O speeds. The Pi 5 may even be higher for initiatives involving high-resolution cameras, as a result of its MIPI connections supply a better bandwidth than the Pi 4’s connections.

The Raspberry Pi 4, nonetheless, must be greater than sufficient for many single-purpose makes use of that are not very CPU- or GPU-intensive. You would not need to use a Pi 5 for a Pi-hole, for instance – that will be overkill.

Use your Raspberry Pi 5 as a retro games console


A 1GB or 2GB Pi 4, nonetheless, can go well with many low-intensity workloads, resembling powering low-res safety cameras, movement detectors, simple retro games, streaming climate stories or radio stations, primary desktop duties, and residential media streaming.

You would possibly notice that I’ve left the 4GB and 8GB variations of the Pi 4 out of this evaluation, and that is intentional. There would not appear to be a spot for the 4GB and 8GB Raspberry Pi 4, now that the Pi 5 is right here. An additional $5 for a Pi 5 will nearly at all times be value it, even when just for the chance that you possibly can determine to place it to a distinct, extra CPU-intensive use sooner or later.

Which is best: the Raspberry Pi 5 or 4?

The Raspberry Pi 5 and 4 each serve totally different functions. The Pi 5 is 2-3x sooner than the Pi 4, has sooner I/O speeds, and has a bodily energy button, making it serve very properly as a pc for normal desktop use.

Now that there is a Raspberry Pi available on the market that is this way more highly effective than the Pi 4, and provided that its 4GB and 8GB variations price solely barely greater than the respective Pi 4 counterparts, the 4GB and 8GB variations of the Pi 4 are actually redundant. If you’d like a 4GB or 8GB Pi 4, until you are making an attempt a selected utility or mission that solely works on the Pi 4, a Pi 5 can be a greater buy.

Raspberry Pi 5

Raspberry Pi 5

Editor’s Alternative

That leaves the Raspberry Pi 4, 1GB and 2GB, and fortunately, there’s little overlap between the utilization of those units and people for the Pi 5. For low-intensity makes use of, the Pi 4 can be a lot better worth as a result of the Pi 5 can be overkill.

Fortunately, there are numerous low-intensity Raspberry Pi initiatives to sink your tooth into, so the Raspberry Pi 4 will not be going wherever (a minimum of, not whereas there is no 2GB or 1GB model of the Raspberry Pi 5). These sorts of initiatives are what Raspberry Pi has at all times been about, in spite of everything.


Raspberry Pi 4 Mannequin B

Good various


How to set up Home Assistant with a Raspberry Pi and build a smart home

Get Dwelling Assistant up and operating and create your first automations.

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